Monday 03rd of February 2003 02:42 AM 
Biographies: British Military Figures [A - J]

Click here to go to British Military Figures K - Z

Please note: I have added flags at the head of each biography in order to give visitors a way of seeing, at a glance, where the person was born, where they spent most of their life, and which side they fought for in the Boer War.

1st Flag=birthplace (if known)
2nd flag=main nation of residence (no second flag if birthplace was nation of residence)
3rd flag=side figure fought (or acted) for

Click on thumbnails to view larger images


ABBOTT, John Henry Macartney (1874-1953)

Australian soldier and writer. He left an entertaining and surprisingly objective account of his service in the War, Tommy Cornstalk, published in 1902. The book went into several editions. He also wrote Plain and Veldt, published in 1903.

United Kingdom
ALLENBY, Field Marshall, 1st Viscount, of Megiddo (1861-1936)
F-M Allenby - Thumbnail only
Commissioned into 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons. 1884-88 served in expeditions to Bechuanaland and Zululand. Fought throughout the South African War with consistent success, latterly as a column commander, becoming a colonel. 1915 commanded V Corps and later the Third Army. 1917 sent to Egypt to command and led the British to victory over the Turks in Palestine and Syria. 1919-25 appointed Special High Commissioner to Egypt.



EnglandUnited Kingdom
BADEN-POWELL, Lt-Gen 1st Baron (1857-1941)
Lt-Gen Baden-Powell
Born Robert Stephenson Smyth Powell. His family knew him as "Stephe" or "Ste." In 1869 he changed his last name to Baden-Powell in honor of his late father, Professor Baden Powell of Oxford. His troops nicknamed him 'Bathing towel' because of his open bathing habits during the Siege. He was commissioned into 13th Hussars and early specialised in 'scouting and reconnaissance'. 1880-90 in Zulu War, 1895-96 in Second Ashanti Campaign (West Africa), returned to South Africa 1896-97 for special duties in Matabeleland (Zimbabwe). 1899 sent to South Africa to form two regiments to protect Bechuanaland and Matabeleland. Achieved great fame as defender of Mafeking, but less success later as a column commander pursuing C.R. de Wet. 1900 Milner entrusted him with raising and training the South African Constabulary, a para-military force. 1910 retired to devote most of the rest of his life to the Boy Scouts Movement started in 1908 as a result of his periodical Scouting for Boys. 1937 awarded Carnegie Peace Prize.

ScotlandUnited KingdomVictoria Cross recipient
BABTIE, Lt Gen, Sir William VC, KCB, KCMG, KStJ, KHS, MB, LRCP&S (Ed), HonLID (Glas)
Born on 7th May 1859 in Dunbarton, Scotland. In 1880 William Babtie qualified MB LRCP&S (Ed) from the University of Glasgow, entering the Army a year later. In 1893 he was promoted Surgeon Major. He was present at the relief of Ladysmith, and the subsequent operations in Natal and Eastern Transvaal. At the Battle of Colenso he carried out an act of valour which resulted in the award of the Victoria Cross.

Click here to view details of his Victoria Cross.

AustraliaVictoria Cross recipient
Lieutenant Frederick William VC
Lieut. Bell VC
Born on 3 April 1875 in Perth, Western Australia. He enlisted in the 1st West Australian Mounted Infantry Contingent in October 1899. This unit was raised by the Western Australian colonial government for service in South Africa, where he arrived on 27 November. He saw action in several occasions, including an attack by a Boer commando of 300-400 men on a small group of British and Australian troopers at Slingersfontein, and was also involved in the relief of Johannesburg and Pretoria and the battles of Diamond Hill and Wittebergen. On 19 July 1900 he was seriously wounded and was evacuated to Britain.
On returning to Australia in February 1901 he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the Sixth Australian Contingent in March 1901 and re-embarked for South Africa. The Sixth Contingent, for most of it tour in South Africa, was deployed in sweeping through the Eastern Transvaal and the Orange Free State to enforce Lord Kitchener's policy of denying support to the Boer guerrilla columns. During one of these operations Bell performed the act for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross.
After his discharge in May 1902, Bell joined the British Colonial Service in 1905 and served in Somaliland, Nigeria and Kenya. Bell again served during the 1914-18 War as an officer in the British army. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel by the end of the War, having been mentioned in dispatches for his service with the Royal Irish Dragoon Guards. Two of his three brothers were killed in action with the Australian forces at Gallipoli and Pozieres in the First World War.

BELL, Walter Dalrymple Maitland (1880-1951)
Born in southern Scotland in 1880. He volunteered for a mounted Canadian unit, but during action his horse was shot and he was captured by Boer forces. He succeeded in escaping back to the British lines and survived the war without any problems. Bell stayed on in Africa (his main reason for joining the army was to get to Africa in the first place) and became a professional elephant hunter. Probably the best one ever. In his career he shot a total of 1011 elephants, the majority of them by shooting them through the brain with the small bore calibre .275 Rigby that is identical to the Boer 7x57 Mauser. He became known as Karamojo Bell after a huge unexplored area in Uganda in which he hunted during long safaris that took several months each. In fact he became so good that he ended up mastering this difficult shot on elephants from all positions including diagonally from the back! This has since been referred to as a “Bell shot”. He wrote several wonderful books about his hunting.
During WWI he volunteered again and became a fighter pilot in modern-day Tanzania. There he again gained fame for flying without an observer in the front cockpit, since he thought that they blocked his view when he tried to shoot at the Germans with his big bore elephant hunting rifle! Later he served in France and Greece and got the MC twice. In WWII he assisted in evacuating allied soldiers from Dunkirk in his yacht Trenchmere. He finally died from a heart attack at his Scottish estate in 1951.

My kind thanks to Troels Højer Pedersen for this biography.

United Kingdom
Birdwood, Field Marshall 1st Baron, of Anzac and Totnes (1865-1951)

Commissioned into 12th Lancers, very soon transferring into XI Bengal Lancers for economic reasons and remaining in India continuously for fourteen years. Served throughout the South African War, first in Natal and then on Kitchener's staff accompanying him to India where he stayed until 1914, when sent to Egypt to command the newly formed Australian, New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC). Commanded ANZAC in the Dardanelles with distinction. 1916-17 commanded 1st ANZAC on the Western Front and later the Australian Corps. 1918 took over the Fifth Army from Gough. 1925-30 Commander-in-Chief, India. 1930-8 Master of Peterhouse College, Cambridge.

AustraliaVictoria Cross recipient
Lieutenant-Colonel John Hutton VC (28 September 1869 - 1930)
Lt-Col Bisdee VC
Born in Tasmania, Australia. He enlisted for service in the South African War (Boer War) as a trooper in the 1st Tasmanian Imperial Bushmen. Bisdee sailed for South Africa on 26 April and saw action in the Orange River Colony and the Transvaal. Bisdee received the Victoria Cross for his bravery in an action at Warmbad, becoming the first Australian-born soldier serving in an Australian unit to receive the award.
Bisdee returned home to recover from his wounds but returned to South Africa as a lieutenant in March 1901 and served there until the end of the Boer War. He joined the Australian Imperial Force in July 1915 and fought with Australian horsemen in Egypt until he was wounded in the leg. He rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel, received a mention in dispatches and was awarded the Order of the British Empire (OBE) by the close of World War I.
Bisdee died at his home in Tasmania in 1930.

United Kingdom
BLAGROVE, Colonel H.J.
Colonel Blagrove
Posted Lieutenant in the 13th Hussars on 11th February, 1875. He served in the Egyptian War, 1882, the East Indies, 1875-78 and 1879-90, Southern Afghanistan, 1880-1881, and South Africa, 1899-1901. He took part in the relief of Ladysmith, including the actions at Colenso and operations at Vaalkrans, Tugela Heights and Pieter's Hill. He was station commandant, Transvaal and the Orange River Colony.



EnglandUnited Kingdom
BROADWOOD, Lieutenant-General Robert George (1862-1917)
L-Gen Broadwood
Born in England, he joined the 12th Lancers in 1881 and served in Egypt and the Sudan, before taking command of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade in the South African War. Fighting in the Orange Free State, he captured the town of Lindley and seized the Republican Government in Reitz, which was followed by operations in the Transvaal. From 1903 to 1904 he was in command in Natal.



United KingdomVictoria Cross recipient
BULLER, General Sir Redvers VC (1839-1908)
General Redvers Buller VC - Thumbnail only
First commissioned into King's Royal Rifle Corps (60th). He served in the 1873-1874 First Ashanti War. He served in South Africa (1878-1881) winning the Victoria Cross in 1879 in the Kaffir War and 1881 in the First Boer War. Served in Egypt and Sudan 1882-1884. From 1890 to 1897 he was Adjutant-General and from 1897 to 1899 he was Commander-in-Chief, Aldershot Command, where active service formations were stationed. In 1899 he was Commander-in-Chief, South Africa. Winston Churchill described him as,

a characteristic British personality. He looked stolid. He said little, and what he said was obscure. He was not the kind of man who could explain things, and he never tried to do so. He usually grunted, or nodded, or shook his head, in serious discussions; and shop of all kinds was sedulously excluded from his ordinary conversation.

From 1899 to 1900 he was Commander, Natal Army. In 1901 he returned with Roberts to Aldershot Command but was soon removed from there and retired. His removal from command was one of the most disgraceful episodes in the history of the British Army and a number of modern historians have begun to question the validity of his reputation as a 'bungler'.

IrelandUnited Kingdom
BUTLER, Lieutenant-General Sir William Francis (1838-1910)
L-Gen Sir W.F Butler
Born in Tipperary, Ireland, and educated in Dublin. At the age of 20 he entered the 69th Regiment and served in the East as well as Canada. His first experience of South Africa was on the staff of Field-Marshal Garnet Wolseley when the latter was sent to Natal in 1875. Wolseley sent Butler on a confidential mission to Bloemfontein and later had him on his staff in the Zulu War, 1879-80. From 1880 to 1898 he held high positions at Aldershot and elsewhere in Britain. Shortly before the outbreak of the War, at the end of 1898, he was placed in command of the troops at the Cape, but aroused significant odium when he warned the authorities that very large forces would be needed to subdue the Boers. For this he was recalled and placed in command of the Western district in England. In his later years he remained in England, although he revisited South Africa in 1906. He wrote a number of well-received books, including several on South Africa.

United Kingdom
BYNG, F-M 1st Viscount, of Vimy (1862-1935)
F-M Byng - Thumbnail only
Commissioned into 10th Hussars. Served throughout the South African War, first commanding the South African Lighthorse and later proving a successful column commander, becoming a Colonel. From 1910 to 1912 he was Commander-in-Chief Eastern Command. From 1912 to 1914 he was in Command Egypt, in 1914 3rd Cavalry Division and in 1915, the Cavalry Corps. In 1915 he was sent from the Western Front to the Dardanelles where he organised the withdrawal. 1916-1917 Canadian Corps, 1917-1919 Third Army. 1921-1926 Governor General of Canada. 1928-1931 Chief Commissioner Metropolitan Police.


CHAUEVEL, Sir Harry George, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., C.M.G. (1865-1945)

Chauvel served with distinction as Major in the 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry, He was 'Mentioned in Dispatches' (16 April 1901), and was made a member of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George. He went on to command the 7th Australian Commonwealth Horse in the war.
During World War One he led the First Light Horse Brigade (serving as infantry) at Gallipoli where he went on to command an Infantry Division.
After the withdrawal from Gallipoli he was appointed G.O.C Australian Imperial Force troops in Egypt, (1916/19) and also commanded the Desert Mounted Corps (1917/19) with great success. Chauvel's command of the Desert Mounted Corps is perhaps best remembered for the role it played in the capture of Beersheba in October 1917. In the last great cavalry charge of the twentieth century the Australian Light Horse charged entrenched Turkish defenders armed with artillery and machine guns.
After the war Chauvel held various staff appointments and was promoted to General in 1929. He retired in 1930.

EnglandUnited Kingdom
CHERMSIDE, Major-General Sir Herbert Charles (1850-1929)
Maj-Gen Chermside
Born near Salisbury, England, and educated at Eton, he entered the Army in 1868. He served in Turkey and the Middle East before his appointment to command the 3rd Division in the South African War. He fought in the Orange Free State and later in the Transvaal. From 1901 to 1905 he was Governor of Queensland: a northern suburb in the city of Brisbane, Queensland bears his name in memory of this post.


United Kingdom
CHILDERS, Robert Erskine (1879 - 1922)
R.E. Childers
Writer and Irish sympathiser. Son of the great Orientalist Robert Caesar Childers. He served as a clerk to the House of Commons from 1895 to 1910, and served in the South African War and as a naval intelligence officer in the 1914-18 war. He penned The Riddle of the Sands, published in 1903 and commonly regarded as the first great modern spy story. Although he was a Protestant, he became convinced of the need for Irish Home Rule, and from 1908 devoted himself to this cause. He represented it at the Versailles Peace Conference, and was a member of the delegation that negotiated the Irish treaty with Britain in 1921. However, he rejected anything but republican rule for the whole of Ireland, and joined the Irish Republican Army which opposed the dominion status of the Irish Free State. He was captured in the Civil War which followed, and was court-martialled and shot as a traitor. Winston Churchill said of Childers after his capture and in support of his execution:

No man has done more harm or done more genuine malice or endeavoured to bring a greater curse upon the common people of Ireland than this strange being, actuated by a deadly and malignant hatred for the land of his birth.

His son, Erskine Hamilton Childers (1905 - 1974) became a naturalised Irish citizen, a member of the Dail in 1938, and in 1973, was elected President of Ireland.

United Kingdom
COCHRANE, Lt-Gen 12 Earl of Dundonald (1852-1935)

Commissioned into Life Guards. 1884-85 in expedition that failed to relieve Gordon in Khartoum. 1899 went privately to South Africa with own horses and servant and persuaded Buller to let him serve in Natal where he led a cavalry brigade. 1900 returned to England, retired 1907.

ScotlandUnited Kingdom
CONAN-DOYLE, Sir Arthur (1859-1930)
Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle
British physician, novelist, and detective-story writer, creator of the master sleuth Sherlock Holmes. Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859, in Edinburgh and educated at Stonyhurst College and the University of Edinburgh.
From 1882 to 1890 he practiced medicine in Southsea, England. A Study in Scarlet, the first of 68 stories featuring Sherlock Holmes, appeared in 1887. The characterisation of Holmes, his ability of ingenious deductive reasoning, was based on one of the author's own university professors. Equally brilliant creations are those of Holmes' foils: his friend Dr. Watson, the good-natured if bumbling narrator of the stories, and the master criminal Professor Moriarty.
Conan Doyle was so immediately successful in his literary career that approximately five years later he abandoned his medical practice to devote his entire time to writing. Some of the best known of the Holmes stories are The Sign of Four (1890), The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1892), The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902), and His Last Bow (1917). They made Conan Doyle internationally famous and served to popularise the detective-story genre.
A Holmes cult arose and still flourishes, notably through clubs of devotees such as the Baker Street Irregulars. Conan Doyle's literary versatility brought him almost equal fame for his historical romances, such as Micah Clarke (1888), The White Company (1890), Rodney Stone (1896), and Sir Nigel (1906), and for his play A Story of Waterloo (1894).

Conan Doyle served in the South African War as a physician, and on his return to England wrote The Great Boer War (1900) and The War in South Africa: Its Causes and Conduct (1902), justifying England's participation. For these works he was knighted in 1902. During World War I he wrote History of the British Campaign in France and Flanders (6 vol., 1916-20) as a tribute to British bravery.
After the death of his eldest son in the war, he became an advocate of spiritualism, lecturing and writing extensively on the subject. His autobiography, Memories and Adventures, was published in 1924. Conan Doyle died in Crowborough, Sussex, England, on July 7, 1930.

Isle of ManFijiUnited Kingdom
DUNNE, Bugler J.F. (1885-1950)
Bugler J.F. Dunne
Born in Port St. Mary, Isle of Man, he joined the Army as a drummer boy. At the age of 14, he accompanied the Royal Dublin Fusiliers to the front during the South African War. In the Battle of Colenso in 1900 he was one of the first to cross the Tugela in circumstances of great gallantry, during which he was wounded and lost his bugle. Decorated and presented with a new silver instrument by Queen Victoria, he became a national hero. He died in Fiji.


EnglandUnited Kingdom
FORESTIER-WALKER, General Sir Frederick William Edward Forestier (1844-1910)
Gen. Sir Forestier-Walker
Born in England, he was educated at Sandhurst and entered the Scots Guards in 1862. He served in South Africa during the Native Wars of 1878 and became military secretary to Governor Sir Bartle Frere. During the Zulu War he distinguished himself in the Battle of Inyazane and in the occupation of Eshowe. He was with the force that occupied Bechuanaland (modern-day Botswana) in 1884. He returned to England and was then transferred to Egypt. During the South African War he commanded the British lines of communication.



United Kingdom
FRENCH, F-M 1st Earl of Ypres (1852-1925)
F-M French - Thumbnail only
Commissioned into the Royal Navy - 1866-1870. In 1874 he was commissioned into 19th Hussars, via Suffolk Artillery Militia. 1884-1885 participated in expedition that failed to relieve Gordon in Khartoum. 1899, with White in Ladysmith commanding the cavalry and left on the last train with Haig, then in command round Colesburg. 1900, commanded the cavalry division with Roberts' army in the relief of Kimberley and the capture of Bloemfontein and Pretoria. 1901, sent to Cape Colony to try to suppress the Boer rebels there. 1912-1914, Chief of Imperial General Staff. 1914-1915, commanded British Expeditionary Force until he resigned. 1916-1918, Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces. 1918-1921, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland.


United Kingdom
GATACRE, Major-Gen Sir William (1843-1906)
Gen. Sir W. Gatacre
Commissioned into the Middlesex Regiment. He spent much of his early career in India displaying great zeal and bravery. In 1898 he commanded a brigade in the relief of Khartoum. His obsession for physical fitness led him to be nicknamed 'General Back-acher'. In 1898 he was Commander-in-Chief Eastern District. From 1899-1900 he commanded the 3rd Division in the South African War, losing the Battle of Stormberg, being later dismissed by General Roberts for incompetence; he returned to be Commander-in-Chief of Eastern District. He retired in 1904 and died of fever while exploring Abyssinia.


CanadaUnited Kingdom
GIROUARD, Colonel Sir Eduoard Percy Cranwill (1867-1932)
Col. Sir Percy Girouard
Canadian engineer and soldier. Born in Montreal and educated at the Royal Military College, Kingston, Canada; joined the Army in 1888, serving in the Sudan, where he distinguished himself in the construction and organisation of railways. On the outbreak of the South African War, he was made Director of Railways for the British forces from 1899-1902, and organised the Imperial Military Railways. He later settled in England and in 1907 became High Commissioner for Northern Nigeria, Governor from 1908 to 1909 and Governor of East African Protectorate 1909-1912. In World War I he was Director-General of Munitions.


United Kingdom
GOUGH, Gen Sir Hubert (1870-1963)
Commissioned into 16th Lancers. He served throughout the South African War, being severely wounded once and distinguishing himself as a dashing young lieutenant-colonel. In 1915 he was divisional commander. 1916 1st Corps. 1916-1918 V Army. In 1919 he was Chief of Allied Mission to the Baltic.

EnglandUnited Kingdom
HAIG, 1st Earl, of Bemersyde (1861-1928)
F-M Haig - Thumbnail only
Attended Brasenose College, Oxford (1880-83), gained a pass degree but did not bother to receive it. Commissioned into 7th Hussars and soon singled out as exceptionally able. 1898 Omdurman. 1899-1900, Chief-of-Staff to French. 1900-1902, column commander against the rebels in Cape Colony. Major-General at 43. 1906-1907, helped Haldane in reorganisation of the Army. 1909-1911, Chief-of -Staff to Commander-in-Chief India. 1914, I Corps. 1915, First Army. 1915-1919, Commander-in-Chief British forces on the Western Front. 1919-1921, Commander-in-Chief Home Forces. In 1921 he founded the British Legion to assist ex-servicemen.


United Kingdom
HAMILTON, Gen Sir Ian (1853-1947)
Gen. Sir Ian Hamilton
Commissioned into Gordan Highlanders. In 1881 he was badly wounded at Majuba Hill in the First Boer War. From 1882 to 1890 he was ADC to Roberts. From 1899 to 1900 he was in Ladysmith, then commanded a large column in Roberts' advance to Transvaal, and then a division. In 1900 he returned to England as Roberts' Military Secretary. In 1901 he was sent back to South Africa to be Chief-of-Staff to Kitchener. One of the most highly considered soldiers in the Army. From 1904 to 1905 he was Chief of a Military Mission to report on the Japanese Army during the Russo-Japanese War. From 1909 to 1910 he was Adjutant-General. From 1910 to 1914 he was Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Command in Malta. In 1915 he was given command of the disastrous Dardanelles landings and recalled, never to be re-employed.

England AustraliaVictoria Cross recipient
HOWSE, Sir Neville, V.C. K.C.B. F.R.C.S. (1863-1930)

Sir Neville Howse VCNeville Howse was born in England in 1863, the son of Dr Alfred Howse who was the Chief Surgeon of the Engineering Corps during the Crimean War.
Neville qualified as a medical practitioner in 1884 and migrated to Australia in 1886, practicing in a country town in New South Wales. He returned temporarily to England to obtain his Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1895 and resumed practice as a surgeon in New South Wales.
When the Boer War started, he volunteered as a Medical Officer in the Militia and was awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery when he rescued a Trumpeter who had been shot by a Boer Commando. He rode out to his assistance, under fire, and his horse was shot from under him. He dressed the soldier's wounds and carried him back to safety through heavy crossfire.
This was the first award in the war for bravery to an Australian and also the last to be given to the medical personnel of Australian forces. At the close of the war, in addition to his Victoria Cross for gallantry in the field, he had been awarded the Queen's Medal with six clasps and King's Medal with two clasps.
He again volunteered for the A.I.F. in 1914 and was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. In January 1915 the Anzac Corps was formed and General Bridges appointed Howse, then in charge of the Mena House Hospital in Egypt, to the vacant position of Assistant Director of Medical Services in the 1st Australian Division with the rank of Colonel.
He was at the landing of Gallipoli on the 25th April and landed about 7.15 am on Anzac Beach. He established the Australian Casualty Clearing Station of the 1st Division and arranged for the care of the wounded until cleared from the beach.
Howse was appointed a Companion of the Bath (C.B.). Military Division in June 1915 in recognition of his evacuation of the wounded from Anzac Cove, at the landing. He was wounded whilst supervising clearance from the Advanced Dressing Station at the Lone Pine battle but he remained on duty and was mentioned in despatches for "gallant and distinguished service in the field".
After Gallipoli he was made Director of Medical Services of the A.I.F., responsible for the medical administration of all Australian troops in England, France and Egypt and was made a Knight Commander of the Bath in January 1917.
He resigned from the Army in 1922 to become a Member of Parliament and was appointed Minister of Defence and Health and also Minister for Repatriation of Returned Veterans in 1923. He played a major part in the establishment of the Australian War Memorial in Canberra in 1927.
He died in London in September 1930 and lies in a Soldiers Grave next to his father, in Kensal Green Cemetery. As the first Australian Victoria Cross winner, and the sole V.C in the Australian Army Medical Corps, his portrait hangs in honour in the Hall of Valour in the Australian War Memorial that he had worked so hard to establish.

Source: <>

C. R. B. Barrett, History of the XIII Hussars, London and Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons, 1911.
Belfield, Eversley. The Boer War. Hamden: Archon, 1975.
C.F.J. Muller, 500 Years: A History of South Africa. Cape Town: H & R Academia, 1981.
Rosenthal. Eric [comp.] Southern African Dictionary of National Biography. London: Frederick Warne, 1966.

My sincere thanks to the following people who have kindly supplied images to this page:

Mr. Ken Hallock
Mr. Piet Steyl
Prof. Christo Viljoen

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Further Reading

Baird, William. General Wauchope. Edinburgh: Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier, 1901. DA68.32W3B3.

Cassar, George. H. Kitchener: Architect of Victory. London: Kimber, 1977.

Cutlack, F.M. Breaker Morant: a Horseman Who Made History. Sydney: Ure Smith, 1962.

Hillcourt, W & Lady Baden-Powell. The Two Lives of a Hero: Baden-Powell. London: Heinemann, 1964.

Kochanski, Halik. Sir Garnet Wolseley: Victorian Hero. London: Hambledon Press, 1999.

Lehmann, Joseph, H. All Sir Garnet: A Life of Field Marshal Lord Wolseley. London: Jonathan Cape, 1964.

O'Brien, Adrian. Milner: Viscount Milner of St James's and Cape Town, 1854 - 1925. London: Constable, 1979.

Pollock, John. Kitchener: Architect of Victory, Artisan of Peace. 2001.

[other details unavailable]

Preston, Terence [ed]. Garnet Wolseley, South African Journal of Sir Garnet Wolseley, 1879-1880. 1973.