Monday 03rd of February 2003 02:36 AM 
Biographies: Boer Military Figures [A - J]

Click here to go to Boer Military Figures K - Z

Click on thumbnails to view larger images

Please note: I have added flags at the head of each biography in order to give visitors a way of seeing, at a glance, where the person was born, where they spent most of their life, and which side they fought for in the Boer War.

1st Flag=birthplace (if known)
2nd flag=main nation of residence (no second flag if birthplace was nation of residence)
3rd flag=side figure fought (or acted) for


GermanyBoer Republics - War Flag
ALBRECHT, Major Friedrich Wilhelm (1848-1926)
Major Friedrich Albrecht
Born at Potsdam, Germany, he served in the Franco-Prussian war of 1870 as a sergeant in the Guards Field Artillery Regiment. In 1888 he was offered the post in South Africa of commander of the newly-established Orange Free State Artillery through the mediation of Carl Fichardt, then Consul for that country in Germany. He created a small but efficient unit stationed at Bloemfontein. In 1894 he was sent by the Orange Free State Government to Germany to buy artillery and other equipment. He served with distinction during the South African War, and was Usher of the Black Rod in the Parliament of the old Orange River Colony before Union.


Cape ColonyBoer Republics - War Flag
BEYERS, General Christiaan Frederik (1869-1914)
General C.F. Beyers
Born near Stellenbosch and came to the Transvaal in 1889, where he became an attorney and was naturalised as a burgher. As such he joined the Boer forces in the South African War and rose to the rank of general. Resuming his practice as an attorney in Pretoria, Beyers became Speaker of the Transvaal Parliament under the Responsible Government. In 1912 he was appointed Commandant-General of the newly founded Union Defence Force. Next year he visited Europe and there met Kaiser Wilhelm II. Shortly after he came into conflict with General Louis Botha, whom he considered to be too deeply pledged to overseas commitments, and he began negotiations with General De La Rey and others in disagreement with the Government. The climax came in September 1914, when after the outbreak of World War I, he resigned his post. General Smuts accused him of high treason. He became involved in the Rebellion and was drowned while crossing the Vaal River, pursued by Government troops.

NatalBoer Republics - War Flag
BOTHA, General Christiaan (1864-1912)
General Christiaan Botha
Younger brother of General Louis Botha. Born at Greytown, Natal, he was one of the early settlers of Swaziland, where he was stationed as Police Commandant at Bremersdorp during the 1890's. He enrolled many of the local white citizens in a special unit which he led into action during the first Boer invasion of Natal. In April 1900 he was promoted to Assistant Commandant-General and commanded in much fighting against General Sir Redvers Buller. Later he fought in the Eastern Transvaal and in Northern Natal, one of his achievements being the capture of a British convoy to Melmoth. As one of the delegates at the Vereeniging Peace Conference he seconded the resolution to accept the terms offered. He died in Kokstad.


NatalBoer Republics - War Flag
BOTHA, General Louis (1869-1919)
General Louis Botha
Born near Greytown, Natal into a family originally from Germany, also known as Boot. The son of a Voortrekker, he attended a German mission school and went with his parents as a child to the Orange Free State. Beginning his career as a sheep farmer, he took his flocks to Zululand, in the political affairs of which he became involved. After distinguishing himself in the Boer forces which supported the Zulus during the inter-tribal wars, Botha was one of the founders of the short-lived 'New Republic' which had its headquarters in Vryheid, and which began its existence in 1884. After the demise of the republic he moved to the Transvaal, which remained his home for the rest of his days. In 1895 he was stationed, on behalf of the South African Republic, in Swaziland, to represent the interests of his country, and in 1897 he was elected to the Volksraad. By this time he was already recognised as a man of unusual ability, and when the South African War began in 1899 he joined the forces in Natal, being appointed Assistant General under General Lucas Meyer. There he soon became one of the most prominent figures, playing a leading part in the fighting at Ladysmith, Colenso and Spion Kop. Upon the death of General P.J. Joubert, on March 27, 1900, Botha was appointed Commandant-General of the Transvaal forces. As such he soon displayed outstanding gifts, despite the unfavourable course taken by the fighting. A man of strong will despite his personal charm, [sic] he caused the dismissal of several incompetent subordinates, and eluded the efforts of the British forces to trap him. Realising by degrees that the struggle was hopeless, he entered into negotiations with Lord Kitchener in Middelburg on March 7, 1901, but failed to reach agreement. In April 1902 he took the main part in the arrangements that led to the holding of the Peace Conference at Vereeniging, and was one of the signatories to the final treaty. Once this had been settled, he decided as a policy to break with the past and make the best possible use of the new circumstances. This ultimately led to his estrangement from a large part of his own people, but his powers as yet were undiminished, and took the lead in setting up the party known as Het Volk. As the acknowledged leader of the Boer people, he was an almost inevitable choice as the first Prime Minister of the Transvaal in 1907 when Responsible Government was granted, and, after the holding of the National Convention, at which he was a delegate, he was chosen as the first Premier of the Union of South Africa. Within a short while a breach occurred with General J.B.M. Hertzog, but he continued in office and still enjoyed great prestige. The outbreak of the Rebellion of 1914 was a source of great grief and anxiety to General Botha. He successfully suppressed the insurrection and led the attack on German South-West Africa, which he brought to a successful conclusion in 1915. Thereafter he went overseas and was treated with great respect. General Botha was present at the Peace Conference at Versailles in 1919, and signed on behalf of the Union of South Africa. By then his health was already failing, and he died the same year in Pretoria.

Boer Republics - War Flag
BOTHA, General Philip Rudolf (1851-1901)
Orange Free State leader during the War. He first came into prominence during the fighting at Paardeburg and was closely associated with his friend, General Christiaan de Wet. In command of the Harrismith burghers, he made a dramatic breakthrough at Sprinkaan's Nek. He was killed in action while storming the British position near Ventersburg.

Portuguese AngolaBoer Republics - War Flag
BOUWER, General Barend Daniel (1875-1938)
General Bouwer
Boer commander. Born in the Kalahari Desert during the Thirstland Trek, he grew up in Angola and was educated in Portuguese at Mossamedes. Here he acquired a wide knowledge of African languages. On moving to Pretoria, he became interpreter to the Law Courts. He fought in the campaign against Malaboch, and then joined the Transvaal post office as a telegraphist. During the Jameson Raid he carried important messages as a dispatch rider. With the Ermelo commando he took part in the Boer invasion of Natal during the South African War, attaining the rank of Veg-Generaal (Fighting General). Under General Smuts he fought in the invasion of the Cape. Bouwer was according to the Boer Army List of British intelligence, the enemy:
"Well built; broad shoulders; 6 ft; 33 years; coarse face; red complexion; dark hair, fair moustache, beard French cut; dark eyes.
Wearing dark coat and vest, khaki cord trousers turned into old puttee-leggings. Regimental boots, which he said he obtained from the 17th Lancers at Tarkastad. Regimental felt hat turned up at right side and fastened with 2 stars. Carries field glasses, case marked 17L and a 17th Lancer carbine (slung) and regulation Lee-Metford in hand. Could easily be taken for an English officer. Speaks English fluently; coarse, savage expression. Well liked and kind, but strict as to behaviour of his men. A great man for flogging. Does not believe in shooting Natives unless they are armed. Has been wounded in the arm and leg. Single. Came into Cape Colony with Smuts in September 1901 with 70 men. Commando now consists of 58 Transvalers, two Russians, two Irish, two Hungarians, 20 rebels and 25 of Cpl. Smith’s scouts – all armed – and also 100 unarmed rebels. The Russians and Hungarians reached the commando through German territory(?). There is a helio in the commando worked by one Higgs and three dispatch riders under David Malan.
Bouwers and the commando laid down arms on June 19, 1902.
He helped negotiate the Peace of Vereeniging. He became a prospector, and was among the discoverers of the Rooiberg tin mines in the northern Transvaal. In 1907 he was appointed an inspector in the Transvaal Police. After the establishment of the Union Defence Force in 1912, he served as Staff Officer in Graaf-Reinet until he retired because of ill-health in 1916. In his later years he was a member of the Board of Film Censors. He died in Cape Town.

Boer Republics - War Flag
BRITS, General Coenraad (Coen) (1868-1932)
General Brits
As Field-cornet for Wakkerstroom, he took part in the invasion of Natal on the outbreak of the war. His record in that campaign led to his promotion to Veg-Generaal in 1901, and to Assistant Commandant-General in 1902. A close friend of General Louis Botha, he supported him during World War I and assisted in the suppression of the 1914 Rebellion. He also took part in the German South-West African and German East-African campaigns.



Boer Republics - War Flag
CILLIERS, Jan Daniel (1854-1922)

Early Afrikaans poet. Born near Wellington, he became interested in the Afrikaans language at an early date and, following a trek to the Transvaal, wrote a poem 'Die Goudland,' about his experiences as a gold digger there. He fought in the South African War and died in Potchefstroom.

Cape ColonyBoer Republics - War Flag
CONRADIE, Johannes Hendrik (1872-1949)

Administrator of the Cape Province. Born at Prince Albert; studied at Victoria College, Stellenbosch, and qualified as a teacher. Worked at Christiana in the Transvaal, and later in the Orange Free State, where he became a headmaster. Having served in the South African War, he qualified as a solicitor, and from 1912 to 1921 was Superintendent of the Kakamas Labour Settlement on the Orange River. A foundation member of the Nationalist Party, he was elected to Parliament in 1920. From 1929 to 1938 he was Administrator of Cape Province.

Cape ColonyBoer Republics - War Flag
CRONJ╔, General Pieter Arnoldus (1835-1911)
General Cronje
Born in the Cape Colony and accompanied his parents on the Great Trek, settling in the South African Republic, where he distinguished himself in several campaigns against native tribes. Lived near Potchefstroom, and was commandant of that district when the British occupation of 1877 took place. During the Boer resistance against the new regime, culminating in the Majuba campaign, he led the Republican forces in the successful siege of Potchefstroom. Upon the return of peace, he was a close adherent of President Kruger, and was elected into the Volksraad, where he was Superintendent of Native Affairs, and was also appointed to the Executive Council. Took part in several campaigns and came into world prominence when in 1896 his commando forced the surrender of the Jameson Raiders. Upon the outbreak of the South African War in 1899, he was placed in command of the South African Republic forces on the Western Front and began the siege of Mafeking. He proved less successful than in the past, and was transferred to lead the final attack on Kimberley. He won victories at Modder River and Magersfontein. He was trapped at Paardeburg and on February 22, 1900, capitulated with 4000 of his men to Lord Roberts. He was sent to St. Helena as a prisoner of war.

Boer Republics - War Flag
DE BEER, Jacobus Frederik ('Tollie') (1853-1910)

Born near the present town of Wolmaranstad, Transvaal, he served in the First South African War as a field cornet. Promoted to Commandant of the Bloemhof district in 1882, he fought against Chief Mapoch in the northern Transvaal and later on the western border against Mamusa. Elected to the Volksraad in 1897 he took part in the War and caused considerable destruction to railway and telegraph links at Vryburg. He fought at Magersfontein, Paardeburg, Driefontein, Zand River, Boerlaagte and Twee River. In September 1900, he was defeated by Lord Methuen near Lichtenburg. He took part in the peace negotiations at Vereeniging.

Boer Republics - War Flag
DE BEER, Commandant J.M. (1854-1935)

Born at Smithfield in the Orange Free State, he spent his youth in the district of Prince Albert, Cape Colony, but settled in the Transvaal near Bloemhof where he gained experience in several native wars and was elected commandant. During the War he first attracted attention through his capture of the town of Colesburg. Taken prisoner in the Transvaal, he spent the latter years of the campaign on the island of Ceylon. On his return he was appointed an inspector in the Department of Agriculture.

Boer Republics - War Flag
DE JAGER, Major Helgaardt (1858-1924)

Grew up in the Transvaal and in the War distinguished himself in the fighting around Ladysmith as Adjutant to General Louis Botha. His daring gained him a legendary reputation and he was one of the signatories to the Treaty of Vereeniging. During World War I he organised De Jager's Scouts in the German South-West Campaign of 1914-15 and again in East Africa. The French Government decorated him for special services to them. He later went prospecting on the Lupa gold fields in Tanganyika where he died of Blackwater Fever.

Boer Republics - War Flag
DE LA REY, General Jacobus Hercules (Koos) (1847-1914)
General J.H. De la Rey
Born near Winburg, Orange Free State. The son of a Voortrekker, he settled with his parents in the Transvaal and made his home near Lichtenburg. He served as a Field-cornet in the Majuba Campaign and rose to be Commandant. From 1893 onwards he was a Volksraad member for Lichtenburg, but he first gained prominence by helping to capture the Jameson Raiders. In the South African War he achieved international fame through a series of brilliant victories, notably at Graspan and Two Rivers. In March 1902, at Tweebosch, he captured Lord Methuen. After the Peace of Vereeniging, De la Rey, now a national figure, joined the delegation that went to Europe to collect funds for the Boer war victims. He took part in the National Convention in 1908-09 and was appointed a Senator in the first Union Parliament. Supporting Hertzog, he was an early backer of the Nationalist movement, being credited with a wish to restore the Boer republics. When the 1914 Rebellion began he was believed to be in sympathy with it, but the point was never proved, as he was accidentally shot by a policeman engaged in combating the Foster Gang, when his motor car, in which was also General C.F. Beyers, failed to stop while passing through Johannesburg.

Boer Republics - War Flag
DE WET, General Christiaan Rudolf (1854-1922)
General C.R. de Wet
Go here for an extended biography of General C.R. de Wet. Includes a gallery of rare images and etchings.



Boer Republics - War Flag
DE WET, General Pieter Daniel (1851-1929)
General Piet De WetBrother of General Christiaan de Wet. Born at Nieuwejaarsfontein near Dewetsdorp, Orange Free State. He accompanied his brother to the Transvaal in 1870 and they both settled near Heidelburg. He took part in the storming of Majuba and in the war against Mapoch in 1882. He then settled near Lindley and was elected its representative in the Orange Free State Volksraad. During the War he fought in Natal, and showed much skill in beating off the British. Most of his campaigning was in company with his brother Christiaan, until in July 1900 he queried the chances of continuing the struggle. This resulted in a permanent estrangement. Pieter surrendered to the British and was given a command in the National Scouts, a force of Boer volunteers on the British side.


Cape ColonyBoer Republics - War Flag
DUQUESNE, Fritz Joubert (1861-1955)

Boer spy and saboteur. He was born in the Cape into the well-known Joubert family and came into prominence during the war, when, as a secret service agent for the Boers, he attempted to sabotage Simon's Town docks, blow up railway tunnels in the Hex River Mountains and kill Lord Kitchener. Caught and imprisoned in the Castle, he was condemned to be shot, but instead was deported to the Bermudas. Escaping, he was involved in South American revolutions and, in World War I, engaged on behalf of the Germans in sabotaging ships. On America's entry into the war in 1917 he was again caught as a spy but made his escape from Bellvue Prison, New York. During World War II he once more worked for Germany in the U.S.A. and in 1940 was again sentenced (click here for more information on his activities in World War II)

Boer Republics - War Flag
ELOFF, Commandant Sarel Johannes (1863-1924)
Cmdt. S.J. Eloff
Grandson of President Kruger. Born in the Transvaal, he joined the police of the South African Republic and was promoted to Lieutenant. During the Jameson Raid his speed in delivering the news helped frustrate the preparations of the Reformers. This brought him promotion to commandant of the Johannesburg force, and after the outbreak of the War he took part in the Siege of Mafeking. Taken prisoner during the War, he died at Middelburg.



Boer Republics - War Flag
FOURIE, General Christiaan Ernst (1858-1943)

Born at Lydenburg, he 'won his spurs' in the campaigns against Sekukuni in 1876 and the Chief Niabel. In 1890 he assisted the Republican Government to report on a possible Boer settlement in Mashonaland. Early in the South African War, as Veg-Generaal he distinguished himself in the Natal campaign. Taken prisoner in March 1901, he escaped some months later. He died in Pietersburg.

Boer Republics - War Flag
FOURIE, Jopie (Josef) (1878-1914)
Jopie Fourie
South African Rebel. Born near Pretoria; educated at Grey College, Bloemfontein, took part in the suppression of the Jameson Raid and fought in the War. In 1912 he joined the newly established Union Defence Force, in which he received an officer's commission. Upon the outbreak of World War I, he identified himself with the 'Armed Protest Movement,' which culminated in the Rebellion. He was taken prisoner in an action near Pretoria and placed before a court martial, was found guilty of high treason and shot. The circumstances at the trial and execution caused great bitterness and there were widespread political demonstrations at his funeral and afterwards.

FranceBoer Republics - War Flag
GRUNBERG, Leon (active c.1898-1900)

French engineer, sent out in 1895 by the firm of Schneider of Le Creusot to introduce improved ordnance to the Staatsartillerie of the Transvaal. With his companion, Grunberg greatly increased efficiency and, upon the outbreak of the War, supervised the manufacture of munitions in Begbie's Foundry, Johannesburg, and in the Railway Workshops, Pretoria.

Netherlands - HollandBoer Republics - War Flag
GUNNING, Dr. Jan Willem Boudewyn (1816-1913)

Naturalist and first Director of Pretoria Zoo and Museum. Born in Hilversum, Holland, he qualified in medicine at the University of Leyden, as well as in France and Germany. Settling in South Africa in 1884, he practised in Bethulie and Smithfield in the Orange Free State. His interest in natural history brought him to Pretoria in 1896, to take up the directorship of the Transvaal Museum. Three years later he founded the Pretoria Zoological Gardens. During the South African War he served in the Boer Red Cross.

Boer Republics - War Flag
HERTZOG, General James Barry Munnik (1866-1942)
General J.B.M. Hertzog
Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa. Born near Wellington, the son of a farmer, Albertus Munnik Hertzog; spent part of his boyhood in Kimberley when it was still a mining camp; moved to the Orange Free State. 1881 went to Victoria College, Stellenbosch, intending to study for the ministry, but changed to law. He graduated in 1889 and went to the University of Amsterdam, where he gained a doctorate in law. Practised in Pretoria 1893-95; Judge of the Supreme Court of the Orange Free State Republic 1895-1899.
During the War he rose to prominence as one of the most audacious generals of the O.F.S., carrying out bold raids into the Cape Province, and fighting a number of successful actions against the British. He took part in peace negotiations.
Later he became the unchallenged political leader of the Orange Free State and one of the founders of the Orangia Unie (Orangia Union Party). Elected to the Cabinet under the Crown Colony regime in 1907, he put into effect his controversial views about the equality of the English and Dutch languages, dismissing certain school inspectors who opposed him. He took part in the National Convention and became a member of the first Union Cabinet under General Louis Botha. In opposition to Botha he made a speech at De Wildt in 1912 laying down the principle of 'South Africa First' and the 'Two Streams Policy' (English and Afrikaans). He resigned from the Botha Cabinet and established the National Party. This he built up until in 1924, by agreement with the Labour leader, Colonel F.H.P. Cresswell, he became Prime Minister, a post he held for 15 years. The Gold Standard Crisis in 1932 brought unity between him and Field Marshall Smuts. Together they established the United South African National Party. Hertzog achieved the full equality of the English and Afrikaans languages and the recognition by Britain of the equality of the Dominions, including the right of secession and allied privileges (Statute of Westminster, 1931). His cautious dealing with Nazi Germany caused friction with General Smuts. In September 1939 he refused to follow Britain in declaring war against Hitler, was defeated in Parliament and resigned office. He retired to his farm, where he died.

EnglandBoer Republics - War Flag
HINDON, Captain Oliver John (Jack) (1874-1919)
Captain O.J. Hindon
Boer scout. Born in England, he joined the British Army as a drummer boy and at the age of 14 went to South Africa when his regiment was transferred to Zululand. Because of ill-treatment by his sergeant-major, he and some other boys deserted. In 1888 he moved to the Transvaal and settled at Wakkerstroom as a mason, where he soon became an accomplished builder. He identified himself with the Boers of the Transvaal Republic and served voluntarily in the campaign against Jameson in 1895, after which he obtained full Transvaal citizenship. He joined the Middleburg commando soon after and took service with the Z.A.R.P. (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek Politie) as a member of the Rijdende Politie.
When the South African War broke out in October 1899, he went to Natal with the Z.A.R.P. Hindon took part in Talana (20 October 1899) and was present at the skirmishes at Bulwana (30 October 1899) and Chieveley (15 November 1899). Two days later, when the war council decided to besiege Weenen, it was Hindon who cut the telegraph line to Estcourt and demanded the surrender of the town from the magistrate. The Boer forces did not follow this up, but at the end of November, Hindon undertook entirely on his own the task of reconnoitring the British forts on Devonshire Hill, situated between Lombardskop and Ladysmith. However, it was on 20 January 1900, shortly before the battle of Spioenkop (24 January 1900) that Hindon distinguished himself, when together with H.F. Slegtkamp, H. de Roos and a handful of men, he occupied a hill in the Tabanyama Mountains. They resisted murderous British artillery and small-arms fire for several hours. Hindon also did valuable reconnaissance work at Pietershoogte, during the night of 25 February 1900, on the day before the final battle and during the Boer retreat to Biggarsberg.
In June 1900 he joined Danie Theron's scout corps and found himself in the Orange Free State, where he was to take part in an attack on a British convoy between Kroonstad and Lindley on 18 June 1900. However, the failure of Gen. P.D. de Wet to arrive at the appointed time ruined this undertaking. On 26 and 27 June Hindon was involved in fighting near Lindley, before moving to the vicinity of Bethlehem. A new phase of Hindon's participation in the war followed, when he was appointed head of a corps intended to disrupt the British lines of communication. He also plundered British trains in the Free State and south-western Transvaal during July and August. In September he again did reconnaissance work and among other things, carried reports from Gen. C.R. de Wet to Gen. Louis Botha. Above all, he devoted himself to derailing trains in this period. In October he was promoted captain with instructions to call up a corps of fifty men, and he soon became a great hindrance to the British along the eastern railway. One of the trains he derailed in January 1901 was carrying Lord Kitchener from Pretoria to Middelburg and on 22 February 1901 he severed Colonel W.P. Campbell's telegraph communication with Middelburg, so as to make possible an attack by Botha the following day. During July and August Hindon was engaged along the northern railway, and on 9 August he was involved in a fierce fight near Naboomspruit station. Eighteen days later he received orders from Gen. C. Muller to plunder a British train in order to obtain ammunition, and he managed to succeed in doing so. On 31 August 1901 he again derailed a train between Waterval and Hammanskraal and looted a large quantity of British provisions. On this occasion Lt-Col C.F.S. Vandeleur was killed after a short skirmish with Boer forces. Lord Kitchener's threat to place Boer women and children at the head of trains and the erection of blockhouses along the railways made Hindon decide that he would devote himself to punitive raids on Africans who allegedly molested [sic] Boer families. Among those he attacked were a number of Africans at Botsabelo Mission.
From the beginning of 1902 until the conclusion of peace, Hindon's corps was involved in a number of skirmishes on the Highveld whilst being mercilessly hunted by the enemy between the lines of blockhouses. Hindon's part in the war came to an end when he contracted fever. On 23 February 1903 he married an Afrikaans woman, Martha Pauline Coetzee. They had no children. After spending several years with his wife in the U.S.A. and Holland Hindon eventually became paralysed; unable to walk during the last five years of his life, he finally died in poverty, in the house and arms of "Gerrie" Wassenaar (the wife of John Wassenaar, with whom Hindon fought during the War).

Cape ColonyBoer Republics - War Flag
JOUBERT, General Petrus Jacobus (Piet) (1831-1900)
General P.J. Joubert
Born in the Cape Colony, he entered the Volksraad and came into prominence as Acting President in 1875 during the term of office of President Burgers. Upon the first British occupation of the Transvaal, he played a leading part in opposing the new regime, visiting the Cape in company with President Kruger and also becoming a member of the Independence Delegation to Europe. During the first South African War, he was a member of the Triumvirate, and was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Republican forces. He was a signatory to the peace settlement in Pretoria. As a member of the Executive Council, Joubert came more and more into conflict with President Kruger, representing, as he did, the less conservative element in the population. He was appointed Superintendent of Native Affairs for the South African Republic, and in 1896, Vice-President. Joubert stood repeatedly for election against President Kruger, but was defeated. In the South African War he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Boer forces in Natal, and played a gallant part in the earlier operations. He became sick and died in 1900.

Rhodesia - British South Africa CompanyBoer Republics - War Flag
JUDELOWITZ, Commandant Hermanus (died 1900)

Born in Rhodesia, he was a Jewish storekeeper, near Prieska, in the northern Cape Province when the war began. He joined the Rebels and in 1900, after the relief of Mafeking, took over as Commandant near Prieska when the Boer leader had been killed or captured. Brought to bay by Colonel Adye of the South African Lighthorse, he was killed near Kheis, on the north bank of the Orange River.

In his commando was one Swede, Frederick Dahlquist, probably from the southern part of Sweden (Scania). His origin is given as Forna Dalby. The best known municipality with the name Dalby in Sweden is in the province of Scania. Historically Dalby was situated in Torna jurisdictional district, so Forna could be a misspelling of Torna. There is one Dalby in Uppland province, close to Stockholm, and one in Vaermland province, in western Sweden on the border of Norway. Dahlquist was captured at Krantz near Vanrhynsdorp on February 14, 1902, in a surprise attack of the 10th Hussars caused by a British spy in the commando. He was sabred by the British and wounded but survived. P.O.W. number was 30627. Dahlquist was sent by the British to the prisoner of war camp Sialkot in then British India.

A Dane serving under General Bouwer was Lauritz Waldemar Hansen from Copenhagen, the capital. Hansen was also captured at Krantz. His POW number was 30712. Sent by the British to the prisoner of war camp Bhim Tal in then British India.

Research by Bertil Häggman on Dahlquist and Hansen is ongoing. Any further information gratefully received.
Bertil can be reached by e-mail at:

Taffy and David Shearing, General Jan Smuts and His Long Ride. POB 1005, Sedgefield, 6573, South Africa.
Nationalencyklopedin (Swedish National Encyclopedia), Lund, Sweden, 1989-1996.
Ferreira, OJO (ed.), Memoirs of Gen. Ben Bouwer. by PJ le Riche, Pretoria 1980.

This information copyright Bertil Häggman 2001.

Belfield, Eversley. The Boer War. Hamden: Archon, 1975.
C.F.J. Muller, 500 Years: A History of South Africa. Cape Town: H & R Academia, 1981.
Rosenthal. Eric [comp.] Southern African Dictionary of National Biography. London: Frederick Warne, 1966.

My thanks to the following people who have kindly supplied images to this page:

Ken Hallock
Piet Steyl
Prof. Christo Viljoen

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Further Reading

Bester, Dr. Ron. Boer Rifles and Carbines of the Anglo-Boer War. The War Museum of the Boer Republics, Bloemfontein: 1994.

Boer Forces - General
The Boer War: Official Dispatches from Generals De la Rey, Smuts and Others. Philadelphia: Buchanan, 1902. 26 p. DT930A2B63.

Brandt, J. The Petticoat Commando, or Boer Women in the Secret Service. London: Mills & Boon, 1913.

Dudley, Charles. 'The Boer View of Buller: New Evidence.' Army Quarterly 114 (Jul 1984): pp. 320-27. Per.

Hale, F. 'The Scandinavian Corps in the Second Anglo-Boer War.'_Historia_ Journal of the Historical Association of South Africa. Volume 45, Number 1, (May 2000): pp. 220-237. Per.

McCracken, Donal, P. MacBride's Brigade: Irish Commandos In The Anglo-Boer War. Dublin: Four Courts, 2000.

Pretorius, Prof. Fransjohan. Kommandolewe Tydens Die Anglo-Boereoorlog 1899-1902. Pretoria: Human & Rousseau, 1991.
[also available in abridged, large-print, titled Op Kommando. Voortrekkerhoogte: Makro Boeke, 1992.

Pretorius, F. Life on Commando During the Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902. Pretoria: University of South Africa Press, 1998.
[English version of Kommandolewe Tydens Die Anglo-Boereoorlog 1899-1902.]

Ruda, Richard. 'The Irish Transvaal Brigades'. The Irish Sword. Dublin: vxi (1973-4), pp-201-211.

Scholtz, Leopold [ed]. Beroemde Suid-Afrikaanse Krygsmanne. Cape Town: Rubicon-Pers, 1984.

Shearing, David & Taffy. Commandant Johannes L÷tter and his Rebels. Sedgefield: D & T Shearing, 1998.
E-mail authors at for information on the book and purchase details.

Shearing, David and Taffy. General Jan Smuts and His Long Ride. Sedgefield: Privately Printed, 2000.
(Cape-Commando Series No.3). 248 pp. Index. $29.95 (cloth), ISBN 0-620-26750-X.
E-mail authors at for information on the book and purchase details.

Trew, Peter The Boer War Generals. Stroud: Sutton, 1999.
Go here for a review of this book.

Van der Byl, C.F. Patrolling in South Africa. Aldershot: Gale & Polden, 1902. U220V36.

Personal Narratives (Boer & Foreign Volunteers)
Blake, J.Y.F. A West Pointer with the Boers. Boston: Angel Guardian, 1903. DT932B62.

Burnham , F.R. Scouting on Two Continents. NY: Doubleday Page, 1927. DT776B87.

De La Rey, Mrs. A Woman's Wanderings and Trials During the Anglo-Boer War. London: Fisher Unwin, 1903. DT932D313.

D'Etechegoyen. Ten Months in the Field with the Boers. (1901)
[Ex-Lieutenant of Villebois-Mareuil]

Hillegas, Howard C. With the Boer Forces. London: Methuen,1900. DT932H62.

Klaussmann, A. Oskar (Anton Oskar). General Christian de Wet's Der Kampf Zwischen Bur und Brite. Kattowitz: K. Siwinna, 1903.
[Abridged and translated adaptation of De Strijd Tusschen Boer en Brit.]

Leyds, W. J. Kruger Days. 1939. [other details unavailable]

Pretorius, H.F. Sidelights on the March. London: Murray,1901. DT932M3.

Reitz, Deneys. Commando: An Afrikaner Journal of the Boer War. NY: Sarpedon, 1993; orig pub 1929. 286 p. DT932R4.

Sternberg, Count. My Experiences of the Boer War [Meine Erlebnisse und Erfahrungen im Boerenkriege]. London: Longmans, Green, 1901. DT932S8.

Unger, Frederic W. With Bobs and Kruger. Phila: Coates,1901. DT932U53.

Van Warmelo, Dietlof. On Commando. London: Methuen, 1902.
[Translation of: Mijn Commando en Guerilla Commando-Leven.]

De Wet, Christiaan R. Three Years' War [Die Stryd Tussen Boer en Brit]. NY: Scribner's,1902. 448 p. DT930D513.